Leading the Canadian army into the Vimy Ridge was a Canadian war strategist Commander Arthur Currie. Their attacks had gained little other than 130,000 casualties. The first battles at the ridge took place between the Germans, who controlled the ridge, and the British and French. The Taking of Vimy Ridge, Easter Monday, 1917 by Richard Jack. On April 12, when Hill 145 fell, Vimy Ridge was won over by Canadian troops. Julian Byng, the British officer who commanded the Canadians at Vimy, had learned the lessons of the previous year and knew how important artillery was.
Write , and , Using. The Canadians had rehearsed tirelessly before the battle. This record won for Canada a separate signature on the Versailles Peace Treaty ending the War. They kept moving forward under heavy fire and captured the ridge in four days. He has published extensively on the history of Anabaptism. Usually, troops waited for days for artillery fire to blow out enemy guns before they dared advance.
The Canadians stormed the seven-kilometre ridge in the early morning of April 9, 1917, overrunning German troops along the front. The barrage at Vimy advanced 60 metres every three minutes. The Canadians now believed that they were great soldiers because of their successes. Many of the survivors were pinned down and unable to move. Using then-revolutionary techniques such … as creeping barrages, artillery spotting, section attacks, indirect machine-gun fire and improved fire-and-movement tactics, the Canadian force wrested from the Germans in a single day most of a major strategic position the British and French had failed to take for many months. The battle is Canada's most celebrated military victory The battle is Canada's most celebrated military victory after the four divisions of the Canadian Corps came together for the first time to capture the ridge from the German army.
This has been interpreted by some as a good result, demonstrating that the historical memory is not eroding with time and with the passing of elderly Canadians, and suggesting that some young people are learning about Vimy and retaining that awareness. The attack began on Monday April the 9th of 1917, at 5 o'clock in the morning. From their trenches north andeast of Arras, France, Canadian troops successfully attacked theirGerman opponents during the battle, achieving all of their intendedobjectives. The troops learned a key secret for success that their British and French comrades had failed to capitalize on. They helped to care for the wounded men and assisted the Doctors in the operating rooms. That is how the battle of Vimy Ridge was the defining moment in Canadian history. Before the battle, Canada was a country of separate nationalities and it was unimportant that the people felt they were Canadian Masse.
This would allow the army to spot any attackers and attack them easily without being slaughtered. Key tactical innovations introduced in this battle included: -Counter-battery fire made possible by the Canadian-developed techniques of flash spotting and sound-ranging , which was instrumental in putting the vast majority of German guns out of action prior to the attack. Very little territory taken and no clear vision or plan developed to bring about a successful end to the conflict. British artillery and the elite 51st Highland Division helped make victory possible. Their names are inscribed into the Memorial.
Good Intelligence : Nothing was left to chance. The battle of Vimy Ridge was the first time Canada faught together independently. The victory of Vimy Ridge made Canada's citizens extremely proud to be Canadian. The objective was a ridge that ran from the northwest to the southwest between Lens and Arras, France. Indeed, the Canadians had almost 10 times as many machine guns per battalion as the British, and used them not only in direct fire roles, but also in an indirect fire pattern to thicken the artillery barrage -The use of small groups to attack pillboxes and machine gun positions by suppressing them from the front and then flanking them, as opposed to the past near-suicidal practice of trying to overwhelm strong points by frontal assault. Click on the image for a higher resolution. Our success at Vimy Ridge did not change the course of the war.
Byng and his staff came up with an extensive build-up and attack plan. Canada became a nation by the imagination and effort of generations of immigrants working together as farmers, teachers, shopkeepers, nurses and doctors, scientists, technicians, religious leaders and others. This was a major victory for the Canadian army and it was the first time that the entire Canadian Corps had fought as one complete unit. Humanity is mad: it must be mad to do what it is doing. To do this question justice requires detail far beyond the scope of of a single answer. Another 4,000 Germans were taken prisoner. Vimy Ridge is located in northern France, about 10 kilometers north of the city of Arras.
See the Battle of Vimy Ridge page on wikipedia. At Vimy that reputation was confirmed. The Canadians, fighting as part of the larger British effort in what became known as the Battle of Arras, were ordered to seize the high strategic strong point of Vimy Ridge, on the northern flank of the British attack. As a Canadian observer, Currie had witnessed, first hand, the problems faced by the French at Verdun. Vimy Ridge resulted in the bonding of the different cultures living in Canada. Underground tunnels were built to move troops and artillery safely and secretly.