There is a special irony in the situation of the transplanted Jamaican staring at the fruit, imported from his homeland and carefully displayed behind glass. It becomes clear in lines 9 and 10, My eyes grew dim, and I could see no more gaze; A wave of longing through my body swept, that the speaker is reminiscing and longing for a time and a place in his past; a place that seems unattainable to him now. McKay grew up in Jamaica, which influenced much of his work. Iambic Pentameter Unstressed-stressed with five beats in each line. The longing of an African for his home was, in other words, a popular commodity with a well-established market. The speaker in this poem is the poet, Claude McKay.
At this point, the reader is not sure what path this poem will take. Instead of assimilating to social conventions and adapting the view most people have, Bishop captures the unique beauty she sees from the minute details of life. He used his gift of creativity with words to express his feelings on various issues. McKay did a masterful job of using the first two stanzas to help the reader understand the wonderful memories that he had etched into his mind of his homeland. Treating blacks as a group with different abilities and different historical needs than whites may be a way of facing reality, but when this idea is misapplied it leads to such weird cultural phenomena as the nightclubs of the celebrated Harlem Renaissance being staffed by black entertainers while the owners and patrons were white, or the professional sports that have mostly minority players but few nonwhite coaches. The twenty-two years that he lived in Jamaica gave him inspiration for this poem. It is exotic and sweet and pleasurable, much like many of our own good memories of childhood.
But even McKay, the man some consider the father of this artistic and intellectual black movement of the postwar 1920s, could not avoid the prejudice that pervaded every aspect of day-to-day living. Cooper, Wayne, Claude McKay, Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance: A Biography, Louisiana State University Press, 1996. Rhyme Patterns Each stanza follows an a, b, c, b pattern ex. Perhaps what makes this interpretation so convincing is the background of the author. Claude McKay is an unforgettable African-American writer who was influenced by his culture as well as other writers, which encouraged him to write poetry, novels, and short stories about politics, human rights, and racism. During the twenties, McKay developed an interest in Communism and traveled to Russia and then to France, where he met and Lewis Sinclair.
McKay's viewpoints and poetic achievements in the earlier part of the twentieth century set the tone for the Harlem Renaissance and gained the deep respect of younger black poets of the time, including. Theme The theme is that even when one moves on, previous memories will still follow where ever one ends up. McKay was born on September 15, 1889 on the family farm, Sunny Ville, in central Jamaica to Thomas Francis and Ann Elizabeth McKay Cagan. McKay was born in Jamaica in 1890 and immigrated to the United States in 1912. On a smaller scale, we as New York citizens must work together to prevent climate change, and something that applies to us much more directly, rising sea levels. At this point, the reader is not sure what path this poem will take. Other artists associated with the Harlem Renaissance include the poet Langston Hughes, the dancer Josephine Baker, the novelist Zora Neale Hurston, the actor Paul Robeson, the musician Duke Ellington, and the painter Jacob Lawrence.
We as a city have already seen the problems caused by climate change and these rising sea levels in some of the low lying neighborhoods here in the city, more specifically when Hurricane Sandy ended up in New York City and left many of us New Yorkers without electricity, and some even without homes. New York City in the 1920s thrived with diverse immigrant cultures all living within a few city blocks of each other. This stanza tells us the meaning of what the first two stanzas showed us. A creature of colonial experience, McKay was condemned to dwell in the limbo of the imagination of the colonized, unable forever to state a clear-cut preference. Between 1922 and 1934, McKay lived in Britain, Russia, Germany, France, Spain, and Morocco. Unfortunately, this division between forward-looking technology and the simplicity that excludes technology happens to correspond to a long-standing philosophical problem for , with the love of technology indicating a love of the European culture that created slavery and love of nature indicating a resistance to progress that some feel has held blacks back.
Since everyone has to die, why not let it be meaningful? The reader can also consider the present, in which the speaker initially sees the fruit in the window as the fruit of the past. Like the alligator pear strangely out of place against a backdrop of brownstone apartments, taxis, and fire escapes, the speaker is alien to his environment. He can see all of the foods that remind him of his home in Jamaica and starts reminiscing his past. Universal Appeal of this Poem Sadness It gives off the appeal of sadness because at the end of the poem, he leaves the reader with an image of his eyes filling up with tears as he walks away from the store. Claude grew up in Jamaica and did not leave for the United States until 1912.
The caste society of principally white Kingston, which placed blacks below whites and mulattoes, revealed to McKay the alienating and degrading aspects of racism. He died on May 22, 1948. Later in the same year, McKay became the first black awarded the medal of the Institute of Arts and Sciences in Jamaica for his poetry, and he used the money from this award to travel to the to study agriculture. From The Dialect of Modernism: Race, Language, and Twentieth-Century Literature. The alienation felt is one of time and distance, and the consequence and helplessness is clearly felt in the last three lines. The regular rhyme scheme is not present because in the second stanza, the words memories and skies do not rhyme. The Westminster Review said of Spring in New Hampshire: The greater part of its contents are inspired by memories, made dearer by exile, of a childhood spent in a warm, semi-tropical country, and the intense fidelity of the negro to places and scenes familiar in early youth, the longing to return and revisit them expressed and vulgarised in the hundred of crude music hall songs which have captured the public ear both in London and New York.
He was the youngest of eleven kids born to Francis Mckay and Ann Elizabeth Edwards Mckay. Soon after he arrived, he attended Tuskegee Institute in Alabama but shortly after transferred to Kansas State College in Manhattan, Kansas. America is a land of immigrants, and immigrants naturally look back longingly to the circumstances of their youth. The grief is so healthy that it brings him to tears due to a sense of hunger, not for the various a fruits, but hunger for his native country. In fact, an argument could be made that the piece is conservative because of the implicit desire the speaker expresses to go home again. He was educated by his older brother, who possessed a library of English novels, poetry, and scientific texts.