Pull factors include the chance of a better job, better access to education and services, a higher standard of living. For people with unique interests, it is easier to find like-minded individuals in urban areas than in isolated rural regions. Migration from rural to urban areas occurs for several reasons, namely in the search of a better lifestyle and standard of living. Provision of recreational facilities: Recreational facilities include swimming pools, cinema houses, amusements parks, stadia, etc. A university graduate, for example, is going to find it very difficult staying in a rural area because there will be very few opportunities for him — especially when it comes to getting a good and well-paying job.
In many countries higher learning institution are located in towns making many youth to migrate to towns when they reach college going age. They may wish to be exposed to a greater variety of opportunities, people, cultures, art, food and entertainment. . The practice continued and gained momentum. Rural-urban migration is a form of so-called internal migration which means a movement within a country and which stays in contrast to international or intercontinental migration. Berry, 2000 The advancement in knowledge and the dawn of new technology caused dramatic changes on the original migration of rural to rural.
New cities and urban centers need to be developed to push the migration in their direction instead of already established cities. Thus, it can be said that the Industrial Revolution eventually transformed England from a primarily agrarian society to an industrial one. This pattern of migration is not a new phenomenon. The owners of the industries were typically willing to pay generous salaries to workers who had the skills they needed, which was a dramatic contrast from how the European skilled worker was paid. In many countries, particularly in third world countries there is a noticeable pattern of rural to urban migration. For example, dress patterns like pants, shirts, ties, skirts, jeans, etc. Migration - a discreetly spreading phenomenon; is seen almost everywhere, in all parts of the world.
Of course the rural dwellers know of this and come to the city for their fair share of fun. The rural place had been inflicted by unknown disease in which several entertainment clubs and restaurants close down. A third reason for this pattern of migration is that many people desire to expand their experiences. While the original triggering in former times had been the search for more favorable conditions and not yet or only sparsely populated living spaces, patterns of migration underwent many changes since industrialization. The consciousness which is attached to the availability of the services is enormous.
As a result of this, many end up living in very deplorable conditions in slums and on the streets of the cities never finding the gold they hoped to find. Cities abound with various forms of entertainment and social activities that make living there very pleasurable. However, there is one surprising facts which have not been entirely solved. Some people move to urban areas for personal reasons, such as getting closer to the family or work of a significant other, or to find better opportunities for their children. If you want to set up an online business, you cannot do that if the connections are not good enough, if you want to set up a vet station for pets, you cannot do that, if people only need vets for large farm animals… so your choices are limited. This paper is going to deal with the pattern of rural-urban migration in general in the first part, followed by some explanations about the special case of China that sets certain criteria to migration, trying to control the movement of its people.
The migrations occurred with those people in rural places and were normally recognized as rural-rural migration pattern. Third - rural depopulation which usually means that large numbers of working age people migrate from the countryside to earn more money in the city. In the cities, the village or rural dweller has a higher chance of making that fortune that he or she is looking for — whether through legal or illegal means. This is because most teachers in rural areas have little or no experience in teaching. Some of these people move simply to seek new opportunities and improve their lives. Population and rates of population growth are by far higher than they had been in Europe which leads to increasing dynamic urbanization but also severe side effects.
Urban jobs and other amenities of living have become status symbols in the rural areas. Rural-urban migration is the most common form of internal migration in many countries all over the world. Urban Informal Sector Unlike the formal counterpart of urban informal sector, there are activities of all kind which are unregulated and small scale in nature. Prior to the mid-1780s, most of Europe lived in a rural area. Most people living in rural areas are women and children who practices subsistence farming. Of course, this alone will not stop displacement. Public services in the states are determining factor on the settlement are residing of people in a given place.
They are briefly described as under. Geographers, sociologists, economists, industrialists and many more others have come to research and find solutions for the contemporary problem being created by the rural-urban migration. Housing conditions in rural areas is worse compared with urban areas; people may voluntarily decide to move to urban areas to have access to better living conditions such as better healthcares, better education and housing McCatty, 8. The growth in the working population will also mean more competition for jobs. The industries needed English speaking skilled workers, people who did not need to be trained, and those who already knew how to do their jobs.
These people came primarily from Britain, Ireland, and Scotland. However due to bad management, many skilled people are left unemployed. The dramatic influx of Chinese greatly added to the expansion of urban areas, such as San Francisco. Basically, migrating from a rural area of a country to an urban area in that same country is what is referred to as rural-urban migration or urbanization. Slavery in rural areas may force people to move to urban areas mostly children and youth who finds it difficult to put up with work they are given by parents or in plantations. Rural-urban migration is most prevalent in developing countries. Places such as small towns and villages rarely have good schools.