Ethical and legal dimension of the religion are basically the codes of behavior that are followed and expected within the religion. Only later did they spread to the south. On the other side, the mystical experience is having the subject be inside the object, the inner quest to experience ultimate reality. The emotions and experiences of people are what the other dimensions feed off. The Seven Dimensions of Christianity According to Ninian Smart, the seven dimensions of religion include practical and ritual, emotional and experiential, narrative and mythical, ethical and legal, doctrinal and philosophical, social and institutional, and material. Though vague this dimension is one of the most prevalent dimensions across the board.
What is religion according to Smart? In our group with Mike we have been discussing what religion is and how it can be defined. It is read both in Hebrew and in English, and can inspire a fierce sense of pride and strengthen the emotional connection one has to their faith, ethnicity, and heritage. The story is about the Exodus of the Jews from the land of Egypt. Judaism is a faith of action and Jews believe people should be judged not so much by the intellectual content of their beliefs, but by the way they live their faith - by how much they contribute to the overall holiness of the world. Smart was involved in the Assembly of the World's Religions series of meetings 1985, 1990, 1992 sponsored by , founder of the and served as President of the Inter Religious Federation for World Peace.
Smart reiterated his conviction that without improved understanding of the religious and cultural , peace in the world would remain elusive. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970. One must empathise with them and try to look at the phenomena through their eyes. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1981. Comparisons, though, need to be handled carefully. In 1996, he was named Research Professor at Santa Barbara, the highest academic honour.
He then taught at the University of London before becoming a professor at the University of Birmingham in 1961. Wood Professor of Theology at the — one of the largest departments of theology, where he also served as head of department. However, Allen notes that the phenomenological approach has been responsible for an 'impressive systematisation of so much religious data and the raising of fundamental questions of meaning often ignored by other approaches. The charoset chopped apples, walnuts, sweet wine, and cinnamon represents the mortar the Hebrews used to build the pyramids of Egypt. In 1976 he moved to the University of California.
It could be compared to describing a human being in terms of their chemical and biological composition. The phenomenological approach to religion has been described as a method by which 'the bewilderingly diverse data of religion can be philosophically linked together without doing damage to the several strands' Charles Courtney 'Phenomenology and Ninian Smart's Philosophy of Religion' In other words, it provides a way of comparing the religions without misrepresenting them by interpreting them through the lens of another religion. When evaluating Smart it is important not to create a 'straw man' argument by oversimplifying his approach. Smart uses the example of the way ethical principles may be adapted in order to deal with specific situations. However, when he came to publish this he included later conceptual ideas, expanding his dissertation. Their expression of inner feelings and beliefs lead to the creation of sacred monumental structures and beautiful art in which people can reflect and gain inspiration from the divine. Likewise Humanism, because it fixes its sights on this-worldly aims, is essentially nonreligious.
It is a way of life lived. In his later work Smart made no reference to the invisible world and focused entirely on the phenomena which can be described. Finally, this is what Allen has to say about Smart: Smart emphasized many points that became easily recognisable and widely accepted in the phenomenology of religion and other approaches to religious phenomena during the last decades of the twentieth century. In other societies, there are specialized religious institutions, such as organized denominations in Christianity, monastic orders in Buddhism, and congregations of the faithful in Judaism or Islam. These are all seen to have special sacredness and meaning. In 1979—80, he presented the prestigious , published as Beyond Ideology 1981.
Through the evaluation of the Doctrinal and Ethical dimensions of religion, history and the perspectives on euthanasia, it will become clear that Catholicism and Islam are able to be compared and contrasted. Unlike America, people that hold power, such as bosses or those of great wealth, will not interact with those who are considered to be on the lower end of society. And each religion has its own style, its own inner dynamic, its own special meanings, its uniqueness. The people in the new village preferred compliance, negotiation as well as avoidance of bloodshed and anger. In interview with Scott London, he said: I … believe we are moving toward a global ideology that has a place for religion and recognizes the contributions of the different traditions.
Also other practices of behaviour are important such as yoga which is used by Buddhists or Hindus to develop spiritual awareness, this may not count as a ritual as such, but it a pattern of behaviour in which they follow. Whatever else religion may or may not be — whether theistic or non-theistic, religions possess certain recognisable elements, which can be studied. We then begin to further dissect our identity. The synagogues equates to the Temple of Jerusalem, as religious houses where the Jews practice their faith. According to Smart, there are different types of religious experience. The maror bitter herbs represent the bitterness of the Hebrews enslavement in Egypt. Fitzgerald says that Smart wanted to maintain two conflicting things: 1 the study of religion is something distinctive and not just another word for anthropology 2 religion is not to be studied from a faith-based perspective.
As at Birmingham and Lancaster, he was again also department chair. The Material Dimension In his recent book, Smart adds a seventh dimension of religion, the material dimension, in recognition of the fact that there are often specific religious artifacts, places, buildings, emblems, etc. Through thousands of years, and countless ancient tribal practices, there has been hidden from the majority of those who populate the Earth, a key which unlocks an experience like none other; literally transcending the confines of the human psyche as it is in our physical bodies. The narrative of mythic dimension This is the story side of religion. The Judaism, Christianity, and Islam diverse traditions and theologies offer an illuminating insight into their notions of the sacer and profanus.