Macbeth before he committed the murder of Duncan was a well-respected general. Princes who fail to do this, who hesitate in their ruthlessness, find that their problems mushroom over time and they are forced to commit wicked deeds throughout their reign. He is not a serious leader who cares about his people. Even though he states that people should fear their leader, they should never hate him. This does not mean that Machiavelli's confidence in the capacity of republican government to redress the political shortcomings of human character was unbridled. The fact that Machiavelli later wrote biting popular stage comedies is cited as evidence in support of his strong satirical bent. Once in power the people were not impressed and overthrew his rule to bring back their existing ruler.
He thinks that modern leaders should look to the leaders of the past as role models. Thus, the appearance of virtue may be more important than true virtue, which may be seen as a liability. Does the end always or ever justify the means? The kicker to all this? He has to resort to malevolent measures to satisfy the nobles. This all comes from having disarmed his people and having preferred … to enjoy the immediate profit of being able to plunder the people and of avoiding an imaginary rather than a real danger, instead of doing things that would assure them and make their states perpetually happy. This is apparent when considering the ways technology is used to monitor Americans.
Machiavelli ends the treatise with a promising future for Lorenzo the Magnificent if he were to accept The Prince. Also, a prince may be perceived to be merciful, faithful, humane, frank, and religious, but most important is only to seem to have these qualities. To Machiavelli, The Prince was certainly a failure because it did not result in the praise and respect he expected from the ruling class. As a result, Machiavelli cannot really be said to have a theory of obligation separate from the imposition of power; people obey only because they fear the consequences of not doing so, whether the loss of life or of privileges. Machiavelli reverently believed his advice was essential for the uniting of Italy which was his principal desire. But it is unusual that the Medici family's position of Papal power is openly named as something that should be used as a personal power base, as a tool of secular politics.
The work has a recognizable structure, for the most part indicated by the author himself. Unfortunately for Machiavelli, the previous rulers of Florence, the Medici, were able to rise up to power yet again, and took Florence instantaneously. However, during a siege a virtuous prince will keep the morale of his subjects high while removing all dissenters. What is the conceptual link between virtù and the effective exercise of power for Machiavelli? When Louis conquered the land he promised the people of Milan that he will be a great leader and that they needed him. Machiavelli believed the opposite; he believed that no matter what is or should be done, there is a reason to expect that it will be.
Once conquered you must remember to have the people be partial to your conduct. It is not a coincidence that Machiavelli also uses the term virtù in his book The Art of War in order to describe the strategic prowess of the general who adapts to different battlefield conditions as the situation dictates. Machiavelli's remarks point toward several salient conclusions about Fortuna and her place in his intellectual universe. Machiavelli advises that a prince should carefully calculate all the wicked deeds he needs to do to secure his power, and then execute them all in one stroke, such that he need not commit any more wickedness for the rest of his reign. Thus, virtù winds up being closely connected to Machiavelli's notion of the power. For the next fourteen years, Machiavelli engaged in a flurry of diplomatic activity on behalf of Florence, travelling to the major centers of Italy as well as to the royal court of France and to the imperial curia of Maximilian. Mentally, he encouraged the study of past military events.
You can rule with an iron fist or a soft heart but you must show strength while being sensitive to the people you now rule. In his book The Prince, he speaks of the perfect leader. It is a small but powerful thing to gain favor in politics, and Machiavelli accomplishes this well throughout The Prince. Of particular interest for example, are some of his letters to and , two men who had managed to stay in public service under the Medici, unlike Machiavelli. If the downfall of principalities is the fixed structure of human character, then the failing of republics is a devotion to the perpetuation of institutional arrangements whose time has passed. His work The Prince shatters all previous political thought by stating that a ruler must not only use the traditionally accepted means of maintaining power but also be able to use brute force, deceit and even cruelty as the situation requires.
To do this the prince will arm the people and soldiers 5. In their eyes, a virtuous man is an honorable man. We still have something for you, though. Machiavelli explained that in his time the was again ruled by an empire, the , with similar characteristics to that of Darius — seen from the viewpoint of a potential conqueror. That great men should develop and use their virtue and prudence was a traditional theme of advice to Christian princes. After explaining the natures of both man and fighting, Machiavelli makes the argument that it is better to be a fox thus successful and gives a basic outline on how to be one.
The hatred of the people can lead to a destructible future. In his early years he was exposed to an extremely chaotic time period with popes leading armies, powerful city-states falling one after another to foreign powers, and governments changing within the space of just weeks. Moreover, the character of governance is determined by the personal qualities and traits of the ruler—hence, Machiavelli's emphasis on virtù as indispensable for the prince's success. A prince cannot truly have these qualities because at times it is necessary to act against them. Rhetoric affect will be found in the order and arrangement in which he presents himself.