As per Census 2001 figures, 18. Many of these conflicts are yet to be resolved, and the challenge for India will be to put in place processes that enable minority problems to be discussed and resolved for the benefit of the country as a whole, while ensuring the collective survival of the many minority peoples who form an integral part of the country. A Bihari will not feel comfortable in the company of a fellow Bihari unless he knows the caste of the other person. Thus, religious and linguistic minorities, who have been put on par in Article 30 have to be considered State wise. Other minor sects in India carry no specific name, but they are uniquely identified by the last names of each family. Abject poverty characterizes the members of some of these communities.
People in the state kill each other in the name of the caste. But in actual practice, no party is honest in its commitment to secularism, Purely religious issues are often politicised by these parties. When combined with mobilized publics and effective multilateral actors, these leaders demonstrated that the rise of anti-rights governments is not inevitable. The pluralist and multi-religious character of the Indian society faces a constant challenge against these problems confronting the minorities. Minority Communities in India - The Government of India has taken several steps for the existence and overall development of various religious communities in India. Congress governments promoted hegemony of Socialist-Marxist authors ideologically aligned to policies of Nehru Gandhi family. The goal of Islam and Christianity is to erase all diversity and impose a monoculture.
I dont mind if some hindus accept other religions for enticements, bcoz they are not hindus from start. The study notes that of the 29 states in India, seven — Gujarat, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh — have adopted anti-conversion laws that encourage inequitable practices against minorities. K Singh, A History of the Sikhs Delhi; Oxford : Oxford University Press 2005 J. Especially in times of communal violence, caste conflicts, observance of festivals and religious functions on a mass scale, minority groups often seek police protection. The Constitution also suggests a for its citizens as a. If not the caste groups look forward to those political parties who promise and take care of their communities. Now let us consider one sample of Hindi speaking people.
This implies that the written words have not been truly translated into reality. Such a demand is regarded as anti-national. When we keep analysing the Hindi speaking people and the divisions in terms of pure Hindi, correct Hindi, correct accent etc, we find that the 38% can be split into multiple single digit numerals. The issue of language has played an important part in shaping the modern political agenda. Other Indian philosophies generally regarded as orthodox include and. Problem Relating to the Introduction of Common Civil Code: Another major hurdle that we find in the relation between the majority and the minority is relating to the failure of Governments which have assumed power so far, in the introduction of a common civil code. Hindus in Pakistan have been reduced from being 12.
In 1919 the Anglo-Indian community was given one reserved seat in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. Many other world religions also have a relationship with Indian spirituality, such as the Baha'i faith which recognises the and as manifestations of the God Almighty. Problem of Prejudice and Discrimination : In the Indian context, discrimination especially in providing opportunities to people of different religious communities is, not at all in practice. When it comes to Muslims, Pakistan has repeatedly helped the separatists of Kashmir in various ways. In the context of the above moves and consequent developments a number of representations have been made to the Central Government and the Meghalaya Government by Seng Khasi and Sein Raij Jowai since 2008.
If we analyse in this manner for every linguistic group and every state in India, we are sure to find similar results. Let us consider the caste Brahmin for example. The wind is believed to propagate prayers printed on the flags. After the , there were allegations of political parties indulging in vote bank politics. Moreover, in the recent times, we have witnessed an alarming rise in the hate crimes against the minority communities in India, including the desecration of places of worship. Srinivas, Caste in Modern India and Other Essays, Asia Publishing House 1962.
In terms of Articles 341 to 342 the President is empowered to draw up a list in consultation with the Governor of each State subject to revision by Parliament. It is surprising that theoretically, Indian Constitution safeguards the rights of minorities, but in practice, ideology of Hindutva Hindu nationalism prevails. The commission also acts grievance redress forum for persons belonging to minority communities. Hence, religious or linguistic minority status should be construed in relation to the legislation which is sought to be impugned, in case of state legislature, according to the state population. Whilst Muslims, Christians, Zoroastrians, and Jews have personal laws exclusive to themselves; Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs are governed by a single personal law known as. At the same time, there are also allegations of violations of human rights conducted by the Tamils themselves. The decline of Buddhism in India has been attributed to a variety of factors, which include the resurgence of Hinduism in the 10th and 11th centuries under , the later Turkish invasion, the Buddhist focus on renunciation as opposed to familial values and private property, Hinduism's own use and appropriation of Buddhist and Jain ideals of renunciation and , etc.
Undoubtedly, Hindu fundamentalism is increasingly widening its influence everywhere and has already established for itself a firm base in every sector of the Indian society including bureaucracy, media, educational institutions, and the like. How Minorities Rights Day is Celebrated in India Every year, Minorities Rights Day in India is celebrated on 18 th December, by the National Commission for Minorities. Abrahamic religions wiped out many of such local ancient, indigenous, polytheistic traditions. Then obviously the Muslims are the single largest politically united group in the country. Unlike the large Muslim minority, Christians and Buddhists, do not suffer high levels of discrimination and are not specifically targeted as minorities. This situation does not reflect any discrimination.
The overall literacy rates among all communities have gone up since 2001. The Indian constitution requires the government to define a list or schedule of the lowest castes in need of compensatory programmes. From the above list we can conclude that Muslims are the largest minority community in India followed by Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains. Muslims are in majority in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep and in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. If any management institute in the world needs some good sample as case study for analysing the caste system, Bihar is a lovely example. While there are around 37 Christian and 26 Islamic states, there are zero countries which profess Hinduism as the official religion as of today.
The minorities irrespective of their language or religion have been constantly complaining about the discrimination that they undergo in every aspect of their lives. Foundation and founded in 2014. The Adivasis-who have historically been deemed as outside the ambit of the Hindu Caste system-are consistently discriminated against and suffer from socio-economic marginalisation. A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy. This sense of insecurity may get accentuated at times when relations between the majority and the minority communities in a society are strained or not much cordial. The Constitution of India has implemented several provisions for protecting the interests and rights of the people belonging to minority groups. Article shared by Essay on Problems of Minorities in India — India is a multi-lingual and a multi-religious country.