In Egypt, the Nile served as a means of transportation and also provided protection from enemies because its marshy deltas made invasion almost impossible. Both were quite remarkable in technology and language, but each civilization had different advances. In Mesopotamia, women could get permits to participate in trade, and even managed property. There, to show his loyalty to Marduk, the king was slapped in the face by the priests and made to promise to the statue of Marduk that he had committed no sins in the previous year. In Mesopotamia the forces of nature were more chaotic, more likely to cause catastrophes, such as disastrous flooding. In prehistoric times before written history the deities were local.
He is shown as a mummified man, all in white Ra: The sun god. Egypt And Mesopotamia Differences Egyptians used large stones for their monuments as they were easily accessible and there was a large pool of laborers to build the gigantic structures over a long period of time. Mesopotamia suffered from invasions due to its geographic location, beliefs, and political structure. Hot dry areas full of dessert. These were mixed with those already found in Mesopotamia. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon.
A cult is a religion considered to be outside the mainstream. Ancient Egyptians believed that Osiris was god of the and of resurrection and vegetation before he became god of the underworld. Egypt was mostly cut off from the entire world by the environment… 1125 Words 5 Pages of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Other rituals took place periodically to protect the statues. In Egypt, where nature was less destructive, the gods were seen as kind and generous and generally well-disposed toward humanity. In Egypt religion and the state were also bound together. They were the first civic establishments that have recorded evidence and were influenced by the directed results of rural thriving, religious arrangement, and government structures.
Hundreds of gods were involved in Mesopotamian religion. Egyptians believed that the gods created all humans but were also controlled by the principle of maat, or order. A bull was sacrificed, or killed, that evening. In such a government, deities gods and goddesses are the supreme religious and civic leaders. Mesopotamia, unlike Egypt, was between two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates.
Similarly, the Inanna or Ishtar Ziggurat at Uruk made have been a pilgrimage site for that important goddess. Eight months after the Feast of Opet came the second major Egyptian festival, the Feast of the Valley. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia based their economies on agriculture. The Babylonians were the first to divide the sky into the twelve zones of the zodiac. Daily offerings to the deities were made in the temples, and cleaning and purification rituals took place. Even those ancient Egyptians who could not read hierogylphs knew the ankh symbol. Two of these original settlements were Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Egyptians believed in at least three different kinds of souls. The Egyptians were the first to use and record advanced medical practices. Wealthy families had tombs with household furnishings placed in them. This work celebrates the god Marduk. Mesopotamia was more productive of technological improvements, because their environment was more difficult to manage than the Nile valley. Certain classes of people were set apart to worship and care for the gods. Trading was a common feature in both the societies and commercial interaction with the outside world was extensive in both places.
Moreover, they buried dead bodies in ceramic jars which were then put in excavations, after first covering them in mats or carpets. Particular gods protected various city-states in Mesopotamia, and large temples were built in their honor at the city center. Law, ethics, medicine, philosophy, science, and the state were all combined in religion. Women in Mesopotamia were often arranged into marriages, without a say on the subject. Egypt had a different form of government and Mesopotamia had a different form of government altogether.
Even though it was an early civilization in the world, the female community was treated with respect in the Egyptian civilization. It rose upon the banks of the Tigris-Euphrates River, formed by a tribe known as the Sumerians. The intent for the utilization of these sexual encounters was to mimic events from their cultural myths to ensure the continuity of that event. The first mummies found date from about 2900 bce, and the process improved slowly over time. Humans began intensive farming in the area as early as 3,000 bce. This situation likely contributed to Egypt's high regard for the river, which brought a steady supply of water for agriculture, in contrast to Mesopotamia's uneasy relationship with rivers due to frequent destructive flooding.