Fabius therefore avoided a direct confrontation with Hannibal's forces. Hasdrubal Barca negotiated with his Celtiberian allies, who agreed to leave the battlefield. In doing so, they set up a government hostile to Carthage. By 209, Rome had retaken most of the cities in Italy and begun to make inroads against Carthaginian territory in Hispania. The Hannibal inspired attempts by the Carthaginians to engineer a Celtic or a Celtic-Carthaginian invasion placed Rome on a war-footing. Crossing the Unforgiving Alps But the brilliant Carthaginian had other plans.
The city was captured at the end of 219, and Hannibal sent his troops into winter quarters. His immediate objectives were reduced to minor operations centered mainly round the cities of. After leaving a record of his expedition engraved in and upon bronze tablets in the temple of at , he sailed back to Africa. Engraving of the by , 1567. New York: Da Capo Press.
The Romans had allowed Hannibal to become too strong in Spain and now he was able to use it as a base. See Also, 9 Gallic uprisings During a period when Hannibal was walking a longtriptogether with his infantry, war elephants and cavalry, the Romans confronted a solid uprise amongst the Gallic tribes — further deteriorating the state for them. However, even without Hannibal, many historians argue that another war between the two greatest powers in the Western Mediterranean was inevitable. Around 6,000 infantries, who could escape from the combat zone were gotten by the Numidians and afterward were compelled to lay their arms and surrender. The Carthaginian scouts could discover no detour.
Hannibal's army was scattered and many of his soldiers were gradually hunted down and killed by the Romans. The Roman army split into two, one third under Cnaeus, two thirds under Publius, and moved to face the three Punic armies. However, Hannibal slowly began losing ground—inadequately supported by his Italian allies, abandoned by his government either because of jealousy or simply because Carthage was overstretched , and unable to match Rome's resources. Rome emerged from the war utterly transformed. To avoid capture by the Romans, he eventually took his own life. Hannibal Barca of Carthage had brought this army to the banks of the Ebro in a fateful year, 218 bc. The power of the Barcid was such that he could effectively hijack the Carthaginian Senate and to dictate its foreign policy and even drag it into a war with Rome, which many citizens simply did not want.
However, there were moments when it might have failed. The two governments could not reach any agreement, so these two powers went to war. Hannibal crossed the Alps to invade Italy in the second Punic war. Hannibal is generally regarded as one of the best military strategists and tacticians of all time, the double envelopment at Cannae an enduring legacy of tactical brilliance. Hannibal not only perceived this as a breach of the treaty signed with Hasdrubal, but as he was already planning an attack on Rome, this was his way to start the war.
But they did not go after Hannibal in Iberia. Soon the Romans became aware of an alliance between Carthage and the of the in. Infantry crossed in canoes and other small craft. At Carthage the 'peace party' came to the fore, and a delegation was sent to Scipio to negotiate an end to the war. When they were in place, he launched an attack across the river.
However, there was a faction in Carthage that was determined to renew the war with Spain. The question remains to this day — Did Hannibal carelessly squander the power of Carthage? His plan was to march the largest army he could muster through northern Spain, along the south coast of France, through the alps, and into northern Italy, where he hoped to raise new allies from amongst the Gallic tribes recently repressed by Rome. Hannibal maintained his position in southern Italy until 203, when he was ordered to return to Africa. After an audit confirmed Carthage had the resources to pay the indemnity without increasing taxation, Hannibal initiated a reorganization of state finances aimed at eliminating corruption and recovering embezzled funds. It has sometimes been suggested that Hannibal had not intended to march into Italy, and merely took advantage of Roman inactivity.
What would have happened if Hannibal had arrived at Rome is impossible to tell. The rise of Rome in the Third Century led them to interfere in Sicily. While based here, he won a couple of battles. He won several battles but still refrained from attacking the city of Rome, even after a huge Roman army at Cannae in 216. Finally, a large resupply fleet from Carthage was destroyed in 205. Third Punic war, Hasdrubal was in charge of Carthage, and in a rash decision, broke the treaty between Rome and Carthage, Rome simply powered over the Carthaginians and broke through their walls and slaughtered and burned their city to the ground. Hannibal: Challenging Rome's Supremacy p.