The pluralist model of politics was developed largely by political scientists, although it is essentially based on certain sociological principles. It also challenges any theories which argue the state acts as an autonomous institution. Elite TheoryClassical Elite Theory 1 Very critical of democracy and socialism egalitarian ideas. Their power comes from social privilege being passed from generation to generation mainly through inherited wealth and participation in privileged forms of education. Elite pluralism argues that Mills elite theory does not look at decision making and whether or not the issue is being won.
This is what happened to the Cuban people which is why their economy is in drastic decline so much so that Raul Castro actually went on the record to say that communism does not work and that he was laying off thousands of government workers. Yet a key feature of libertarian theory is the claim that the use of government power is actually deeply impractical, that apart from the ethical problems with political authority, it tends not to operate as its devotees think. His classic study analyzed the German Social Democratic Party, but his arguments have been applied to a variety of organizational contexts. But a model is useful only when it narrows down the field of study and specifies which factors are crucial to an analysis. The demands of foreign affairs, the dangers of potential adversaries, the sophistication and mystique of new weapons, and especially the development of the means of mass destruction have all given power and prestige to our highest military leaders. Pareto shows that in a political context, the commitment of the lions to belief systems and values is connected with a readiness to resort to force and to rule by force.
He believes that the smaller minority of people who are wealthy hold the power which controls the majority of people who are not wealthy. He answers that bureaucratic organizations, no matter their intent, drift toward oligarchy rule by the few. The same might be said about political elites as well, which brings one back to the issue of the relationship between political power and class interest. Karl Marx was the first major social theorist to base his work primarily on a class model, although many of his ideas can be traced back to one or another of the earlier writers. In their hands policy becomes a means to an end, getting reelected, rather than an end in itself.
Therefore they will share the same ideologies, and so do not represent pluralist views of the British population. Also pluralists say that Mills ignored pressure groups when discussing elite theory. Nor does he accept it as something as something inescapable. According to him class is an economic term and rule is a political one. Classical elite theory was propounded by Pareto and Mosca. The constitutional powers of the President are limited, and he cannot be effective unless he has the support of Congress and of department heads. Much of this more serious criticism has been made by authors who are sympathetic with the Marxist approach.
Elite theory rejects the plurality that and proposes. The theory asserts that government is a differentiated, representative group which performs governing functions for the rest of society. These are all highly inter connected, forming a unified system of power. Any society will appear pluralistic if one goes no further than to refer to the multiplicity of groups which exist without any attempt to classify them or to estimate their relative degrees of power. Abilities are distributed continuously; that is, there is no sharp division between the people who are at the top with respect to a given ability and those who are on the bottom. The masses tend to be relatively apathetic as long as the organization is producing reasonable benefits for them. The small circle of elites who preside over or have access to the gears of political power are as likely to use that power for economic predation as for protection.
Bringing the State Back In. What produces the acceptance of this world view? These two groups tended to be mutually supportive. If the membership becomes incensed because of some change in government policy, or because of a change in social conditions, they may compel the leaders to take militant action. At the same time, the Cold War has elevated the prestige and power of the military establishment. Because the top institutions who have the most power, major corporations, military and federal government are connected through social networking and therefore become a unity, not allowing others to join their group, and so they therefore hold power over others. Ideas of consumerism, recreation and leisure grip the minds of the common people.
These and other related questions lie at the heart of theories of power and society. Wright Mills view of elites? The History and Philosophy of Elite Theory A libertarian society would arguably be one without social class, reposed on the principles of before the law, individual rights, and free, open access to a competitive marketplace. When applied to the issue of political power, functionalist theory takes the form of The view that political power in the United States and other democracies is dispersed among several veto groups that compete in the political process for resources and influence. Also Dahl argues that pressure groups, religious leaders, trade unions etc. Marx, along with other economists of his time, based his theories on a competitive model of capitalism, and did not fully anticipate the role of monopolistic corporations. Elite theory — people with power, whom control society, pass down their power generation to generation and use this power to protect their own interests.
Wright Mills lamented on this state of affairs: More and more of the fundamental issues never come to any point of decision before the Congress, or before its most powerful committees, much less before the electorate in campaigns. Evidence to suggests that elite recruitment still exists in modern Britain today is the fact that the past 4 Prime ministers or party leaders John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron have all been to Eton. Ethnicity within politics is also biased as there are more white males than any other ethnicity. Examples being; Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, our last 2 prime ministers. In places where political stability is the norm, a united elite has previously been formed, which can be categorized into two types.