There are no dancing daffodils or peaceful shepherds to be found here. In fact, Keats deliberately involves all the five senses to allow the reader an opportunity of visiting the sacred and alluring world of the nightingale. He could not suppress it. By comparing the elements of poems, it is evident that all aspects relate directly to the human spirit and emotions. Romanticism on the Net 24 2001.
The first quatrain rhyming abab and the following sestet having a cdecde rhyme scheme. He states that he will not be taken there by Bacchus and his pards Bacchanalia, revelry and chaos but by poetry and art. This universal and eternal voice has comforted human beings embittered by life and tragedies by opening the casement of the remote, magical, spiritual, eternal, and the ideal. This is a crucial insight for the speaker, who until this moment has wanted nothing more than to leave the physical world and follow the nightingale into a different, higher realm. He identifies the bird with dryad, the Greek Goddess of the tree.
It is because the nightingale has never experienced these things that he can sing so beautifully. In this poem Ode to a Nightingale, we find Keats' skill in word painting and verbal coinage. When the speaker mentions 'the sad heart of Ruth,' he is referring to the Biblical story of Ruth, a widow who travels to Bethlehem where she lives off 'alien corn' taken from the fields , only to marry a farmer. He composed this poem at the time when his heart was full of sorrow. In the seventh stanza we rang furthest in time and place. The irony is that, while the speaker entertains the notion of escape through poesy, the poem itself does not turn its gaze from the world.
The nightingale is a living creature and a part of nature. However, the symbol of nightingale is a reality dealing with the nature and the urn is a fantasy, a piece of art. This ode is remarkable for its varied allusions — literary, biblical and mythological. Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird! But, ultimately one has to return to the real world and must accept the reality. How does Keats reconcile a state of conscious pain with that of inertness and insensibility? John Keats presented in his poetry many issues, such as nature, existence and the soul.
Keats uses consonance to give the line a sound that suits the imagery it describes. It is the river of oblivion, whose waters souls must drink so as to forget their past lives. The sweet music of the nightingale sent the poet in rapture and one morning he took his chair from the breakfast table, put it on the grass-plot under the plum tree and composed the poem. And this makes life and experience more complete. He realises that death will take away his pain and put and end to all his tribulations. .
From being too happy in the happiness of the bird's song, Keats becomes aware of the contrast between the bird's apparent joy and the misery of the human condition, from the thought of which he can only momentarily escape by wine, by poetry, by the beauty of nature, or by the thought of death. Ruth instead of turning to her father and mother after the death of her husband accompanied her widowed mother-in-law to the land of Bethlehem. The poet uses harsh Anglo-Saxon words along with consonance and assonance to mimic the starts and fits associated with the onset of depression. He could not suppress it. John Keats is no exception to this. Once again, the speaker struggles with the dissonance between his idealism and the realities of the world. With this awareness, he moves into a higher thematic ground moving from the ache of the beginning through yearning for permanence and eventually exploring the tension so as to balance the transient with the permanent.
Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain-- To thy high requiem become a sod. Following a traditional Greek Ode, this lyrical poem celebrates the nightingale as the main subject but incorporates other elements too that help it to remain one of the choicest poems of English literature. The last line in stanzas 4-7 are about the fairy woman. When the imaginative life wakes, the pressures of ordinary experience is benumbed: and when ordinary experience becomes acute, the intensity of imaginative reality is reduced. In this line, Keats uses assonance and consonance to create a chain of cascading sounds that runs from word to word. Keats begins by urging for poison and wine, and then desires for poetic and imaginative experience.
It was sacred to the Muses and was formed by the hooves of Pegasus. He is striving for some enduring principle of permanence which he associates with the song of the nightingale. The generations pass, but the nightingale's voice continues. Still wouldst thou sing and I have ears in vain To thy high requiem become a sod. The odes are similar in many ways as in both Keats depicts the symbols of immortality and escapism, and grief to joy.