Qualifications of Members: To be a member of the Lok Sabha, a person shall have the following qualifications: a He must be a citizen of India; b He must not be less than 25 years of age; and c He must possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed by the Parliament Election: The members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people. The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha can be removed from his office by a Resolution of the Rajya Sabha, which is also approved by the Lok Sabha. The Parliament meets at in. By and large, a state is given representation on the basis of one member for each million of the first five millions of its population and thereafter only one seat after every additional two millions. As soon as the confidence is lost the Ministry is supposed to resign. The Government of India Act, 1935, hardly made any changes in its composition.
In 1979, elections were again held in the country and on the basis of results declared in early 1980 Congress I formed government at the centre. His task is becoming still more difficult because party discipline is weakening day-by-day. It had originally been provided that the Lok Sabha shall consist of not more than 500 members to be directly elected by the electorates from territorial constituencies of the states and not more than 25 members to be elected from the Union Territories. The Speaker: Appointment of the Speaker: Presiding officer of the Lok Sabha is called Speaker. Thus, in actual practice the Rajya Sabha can delay a non-money Bill for period of six months but cannot kill that, if the Lok Sabha is keen to see that through. Its position is somewhat mid-way between the two.
He should neither have voluntarily acquired citizenship of any foreign country nor agreed to owe allegiance to any foreign power. In the public interest the Parliament is fully empowered to impose restrictions on freedom of trade, or commerce between one state or another or within any part of the territory of India. As a federal chamber, it has worked for the unity and integrity of the nation and has reinforced the faith of the people in parliamentary democracy. Issues in joint sitting are decided by a majority of the total number of members of both Houses present and voting. Lok Sabha Main article: House of the People or the has 545. In India the Rajya Sabha on the whole has held good reputation for high standard of debates on important issues and has also successfully delayed legislation on matter which might otherwise been the outcome of the passions of the moment.
Out of these 21 seats five se are reserved for tribal's while three seats are reserved for dalits or Harijans. He works as the spokesperson of the House in expressing sense of the House and represents it on ceremonial or formal occasions. Thus, these castes and tribes get adequate and proper representation in the Lok Sabha. Allocation of Seats The Fourth Schedule to the Constitution provides for allocation of seats to the States and Union Territories in Rajya Sabha. The President of India, the Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha are collectively known as the Indian Parliament, which is the chief legislative authority in India. The Parliament can set up a High Court for any Union Territory and can also set up more additional courts or increase the strength of the judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, if it so feels that for proper administration of justice that is necessary. Co-Equal Powers: But both the Houses have co-equal powers in so far as amendment of the constitution is concerned.
It can extend its life by one year during the period of emergency but not exceeding 6 months in any case, after the emergency has ceased to operate. As soon as he ceases to be a member of the House, he also vacates that office. This sub-clause of the constitution was amended by Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act which provided that a person shall disqualify himself for membership provided he holds an office of profit under the Government of India or the State Government as is declared by Parliament by law to disqualify its holders. He must possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed by the Parliament. In this connection it may be pointed out that scheduling and de-scheduling is a very difficult problem, because those in the schedule, both as the members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, enjoy certain privileges, which are not enjoyed by other citizens of India. The constitution provides that a person who wants to become a member of the House should be citizen of India and not less than 30 years of age.
In case of impeachment, both the Houses have equal power. Functions, Powers and Utilities of the Rajya Sabha: The Rajya Sabha is neither as powerful as the American Senate nor as powerless as the British House of Lords. The Constitution does not make any distinction between the Houses in this regard. But it was increased to five years by the Drafting Committee the constitution. Its members are indirectly elected by members of legislative bodies of the states. It is, therefore, more representative and democratic than the Rajya Sabha.
It is important because once the Speaker certifies that a particular bill is a money bill then that cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha and that House cannot delay its passage for a period of more than 14 days only. Further, the President of India has power to nominate two members to the Lok Sabha from the Anglo-Indian community if he feels that the community is not adequately represented in the Parliament. He should have capacity to amicably settle complicated issues. When both the Chairman and Vice-Chairman are not available to preside, available member from the panel of chairmen presides. Time at the disposal of the popular House is too short.
It is a place of historical importance. Shri Sikander Bakht 20th May 1996 31st May 1996 23. He, however, does not force any member for his appearance as witness. The Lok Sabha can also legislate on a subject which though in the central or state list, but for which a request has been made to it by two or more states. The Chairman may be removed from his office only if he is removed from the office of the Vice- President. Article 249 2 of the constitution provides that such a resolution when passed by the Rajya Sabha shall remain in force for such period not exceeding one year, or as may be specified in the resolution. State representatives in the Council are to be elected by the Legislative Assemblies of the state, in accordance with the method of proportional representation, while Parliament was authorized to legislate with regard to the method of election of representatives of Union Territories.
The position is also not like the one prevailing m England where the House of Lords has the power to delay the matters Nit is ultimately forced to agree to what has been proposed by the Commons. But this argument was countered by Dr. In 1979, when the Lok Sabha was dissolved an unprecedented situation arose. At the same time he is to see that nothing wrong goes in the proceedings. This raises many serious problems. The Lok Sabha exercises this control in several ways. So the power of Lok Sabha is also twice the power of the Rajya Sabha.
The representatives of each State and two Union territories are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assembly of that State and by the members of the Electoral College for that Union Territory, as the case may be, in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Recently, the 16th Lok Sabha is elected in May 2014 which is the latest one, having member strength of 545 people at present. For the first five million of people, one seat is allotted for one million. It has been less powerful than Lok Sabha but it has been not a very weak or insignificant House. Chatterjee, a Member of the Lok Sabha, called the Rajya Sabha as a pack of urchins and there was much resentment in the House. The Rajya Sabha so far has refused to act as mere shadow of the Lok Sabha. According to them founding fathers of the constitution wanted that the Rajya Sabha would have elderly persons as its members.